In the life of many people occur cases when it is necessary to justify a point of view in writing, explain their actions, describe impressions about something, tell about themselves, etc. And for this, the writing essay is most suitable. In this article, we will just talk about what it is and how to write it. Immediately give a little explanation: the article is presented in the form of specific information blocks that reveal certain features of the essay.
What is an essay?
An essay is a small essay written in a prosaic style and havinbug a free composition, as well as expressing personal considerations, conclusions and impressions of a person on a given topic, but initially not pretending to be exhaustive or fundamental in the matter under consideration.
Purpose of the essay
The purpose of the essay, as a rule, is the development of creative thinking and the skill of writing out your thoughts. And the process of writing it is advantageous because promotes learning and improving the ability to formulate ideas, structuring information, identifying cause-effect relationships, illustrating available experience with all sorts of examples and reasoning conclusions.
Classification of essays
According to the content:
- Spiritual and religious;
- Artistic and publicistic;
According to the literary form:
- Diary pages;
- Lyrical miniatures;
According to the form:
By form of description
- Subjective, reflecting the personality of the author;
- Objective, describing the subject, phenomenon, idea, etc.
Attributes of an essay
In general, of course, there are no definite limits regarding volume for the essay. But it is recommended to write an essay, which is done almost always, from three to seven pages of printed text (computer). But, for example, many universities allow writing essays with a volume of up to ten pages (typewritten document), and at the Harvard Business School, essays are often written on only two pages.
The subjectivity of the interpretation
There is always a specific topic in any assay. Therefore, the essay by definition can not consider broad topics, contain a large number of ideas and should reflect and develop only one thought or answer one question.
In the essay, there should be absolutely no formal framework. Often, many works in the genre of the essay are not built on the laws of logic, but are subordinated to some arbitrary associations and may even be built on the principle “All the way around.”
The ease of narration
The author must necessarily adhere to the confidential manner of communication with the reader, avoid complex, unnecessarily strict, unclear language, and also be fluent in the subject, able to show it from different angles in order to present the reader with a comprehensive view of the problem under consideration, which will form the basis of his future reflection.
In many cases, the essay is designed to cause the reader to be surprised. Some experts even consider this condition mandatory. The starting point for the reader’s thoughts may be some aphorism, a paradox, a vivid statement, capable of pushing together two mutually exclusive statements.
This is just one of the paradoxes of the essay: differentiated by the free composition and subjectivity of the presentation, the work also has inner semantic integrity; the consistency of the central theses and author’s statements, the harmony of associations and arguments, and the flexibility of judgments.
Orientation to spoken language
The essay should be oriented to the spoken language that everyone understands, but should not contain pattern phrases and expressions, frivolous coloring, slang or jargon. The narrative should be simple but perceived seriously enough.
Structure and plan of the essay
- The author’s thoughts should be presented in the form of short abstracts;
- The theses should be argued.
As arguments here, you can use some facts, phenomena, events, situations, experiences, scientific evidence, expert opinions, etc. It is best to use two arguments for each thesis. It is two, because one may seem unconvincing, and three or more – overload a brief and figurative presentation. A rough plan of the essay is formed by:
- Thesis, supported by arguments.
- Final part.
What do you need to consider when writing an essay?
- Should be defined as the central theme and purpose of the essay, and the topics and goals of its sections.
- To capture the reader’s attention, one can use a vivid phrase, a paradox, an allegory, an interesting fact, and so on.
- In the introductory and final parts, attention should be focused on the main problem (introduction – statement of the problem, conclusion – summary).
- Paragraphs, sections and red lines should be selected, and there should be a logical connection between paragraphs and parts of the essay – this is how the integrity of the work is achieved.
- The presentation should be expressive, emotional and artistic. To a greater extent, this is facilitated by the use of simple, short and varied intonations of sentences.
Rules for writing an essay
- The formal rule is only one – the essay must have a title.
- An arbitrary internal structure is allowed. Given that an essay is a small form of written work, it is not necessary to repeat the conclusions that can be contained in the main text or title.
- Argumentation may well precede the formulation of the problem, and the formulation itself can be identical with the conclusion.
- The essay should not be cluttered with service details like: “I’ll tell you about this and that,” or “I’ve determined this and that,” as, for example, is often done in abstracts. Instead, it is better to pay more attention to the disclosure of the topic.
The most common errors when writing an essay
Bad proofreading. Checking the essay should pay attwriention not only to errors in spelling, but also ambiguous expressions, unsuccessful speech, unnecessarily harsh phrases. Work should be re-read several times, identify all kinds of shortcomings and eliminate them.
Long forewords and a lack of details. It is not uncommon for exciting essays to be tedious introductory parts that do not foment interest of the reader, but soporific him, or continuous enumeration of any statements, without appropriate illustrations in the form of examples and interesting facts. It is necessary to strive to ensure that the introduction was small, but bright and clear, and illustrative examples accompanied any statements and thoughts.
Long phrases. Many authors believe that long sentences are proper. But this is by no means the case. Short sentences have a much higher effect on the reader, and long ones can only overload the material and complicate the perception. Therefore, it is recommended to alternate between long and short sentences. When checking, read your work out loud and if you feel that in some sentence you do not have enough breathing to finish it, break it into several smaller ones.
Verbosity. Specificity of the essay is that it is limited to a particular volume. And some authors do not fully disclose the topic because they go into excessive detail and details of individual moments. For this reason, the amount must be disposed of skillfully and competently, initially abandoning some ideas, thoughts and details, if they are already mentioned in the narrative.
Congestion. The essay should not be overloaded with scientific terms and encyclopedic data because this not only distracts the attention of the reader from the main topic but also negatively affects the quality of the whole work, as well as understates its meaning and overshadows the author’s position.
Pay attention to these errors and avoid them. Check your work several times, change and if necessary rewrite, cut off unnecessary parts and supplement with new elements – only so your essay can become interesting, competently written and high-quality work.