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How to Write an Essay in German?

How to Write an Essay in German

It sometimes occurs to write an essay at exams on German at the university. It is enough to know a few simple rules and correctly build the text to write an excellent paper in German. How to do it, we tell below.

Structure of essay

In the introduction, you should write a couple of introductory sentences about the theme of the essay: what is this topic, why is it relevant or interesting.

The central part reveals the main theme of the work and its sub-themes. For example, if you write an essay on the topic “My favorite city”, subtopics can be called the history of the city, geography, major attractions and so on. If you want to write an essay-reasoning, it is worth highlighting the main idea and two or three arguments in support of this thought with examples. You can also name the arguments against, if you wish, by supporting them with examples.

In conclusion, it is worth summarizing the above, for example, to weigh the pros and cons in the case of essay-reasoning, you can express your personal opinion, sum up.

German vocabulary

Before writing an essay, it is worth considering what vocabulary can come in handy and prepare a small dictionary or a list of vocabulary on the topic. This technique will help to structure the thoughts and quickly write the essay directly.

For example, on the topic “My favorite city” will come in handy such names of urban objects, as attractions, monuments, museums – in German. How to say in German “was built” or “is”? In order not to be distracted by the grammar in the process of writing the essay and look in the dictionary or on the Internet, what kind of a museum in the German language, write down the nouns immediately with the articles, and the verbs – with three primary forms.

Auxiliary structures

To compose a “streamlined” text with smooth transitions between sentences and parts of the text, you can not do without particular connected words and expressions. For you, we compiled a collection of universal expressions, with which you can write an essay on almost any topic, substituting the points for the continuation of the phrase according to your topic.

Phrases to write an introduction

  • Zuerst/Am Anfang/Als Erstes – First
  • Es geht um…/Es handelt sich um… – It’s about…/The question arises, how/when/where/why/what…
  • Es sollte klargestellt werden, dass… – It should be clarified that…
  • Wir mussen X in Betracht ziehen – It is also worth considering X
  • Ich mochte die folgende Punkte beruhren:… – I would like to dwell on the following points:…

Phrases to argue in the central part

  • Ein interessantes Beispiel in diesem Zusammenhang ist… – An interesting example in this regard…
  • Ein wichtiger Aspekt von X ist… – An important aspect of X is…
  • An dieser Stelle sollte man, dass… – It’s worth remembering that….
  • Es muss erwahnt werden, dass… – It’s worth mentioning that…
  • … verdient nahere Betrachtung -… deserves a more detailed examination
  • Es ist wahrscheinlich anzunehmen, dass… – It can be assumed that…
  • Ein Argument/Beispiel zur Bestatigung (dieser These) ist… – The argument in support of this (thesis) is/serves…
  • Ein weiterer Grund (dafur) besteht darin, dass… – Another reason is…
  • Aus diesem Grund… – For this reason…
  • Außerdem/Daruber hinaus… – In addition…
  • Ich mochte betonen, dass… – I would like to note that…
  • Ich habe den Eindruck bekommen, dass… – I got the impression that…

Phrases to show examples

  • Zum beispiel – for example
  • Sowohl… als auch… – like… so
  • In gleicher/ahnlicher Weise… – In a similar way
  • Das gleiche gilt fur… – The same applies to…
  • Nehmen wir zum Beispiel… – Let’s take, for example,…
  • Eines der interessantesten Beispiele findet sich in… – One of the most interesting examples of this we find in…
  • Im vergleich zu… (+ Dat.) – in comparison with…
  • Im gegensatz zu (+ Dat.) – unlike…/as opposed to…
  • Es gibt keinen wesentlichen Unterschied zwischen (+ Dat.) Und (+ Dat.) – Between… and… there are no significant differences.
  • Wenn man Vergleiche zwischen X und Y zieht… – If you compare X and Y…
  • Weder X noch Y… – neither… nor… Entweder X oder Y – or X or I

Phrases to counterarguments

  • Trotz (+ Gen.)/trotzdem (+ Verb) – Despite…
  • jedoch – nevertheless
  • demgegenuber – as opposed to this
  • Dies kann zwar zutreffen, aber… -This may be so, but…
  • Es ist fraglich, ob… – This is a controversial issue/is questionable…
  • Es ist keineswegs sicher, dass… – It’s impossible to say with certainty that…
  • … steht/stehen in volligem Widerspruch zu (+ Dat.) -… completely contrary…
  • Man kann dem Autor vorwerfen, dass… – One can reproach the author with the fact that…
  • Es bleibt aber undeutlich, wie/wann/wo/warum… – The question remains unclear…
  • Obwohl… – Despite…

Phrases to place the accents

  • Die zitierten Beispiele lassen nur den einen Schluss zu:… – These quotes presuppose the following conclusion:…
  • Dieses Beispiel/Dieses Ereignis illustriert/macht klar/verdeutlicht… – This example/This event illustrates/clarifies/explains…
  • Es steht fest, dass… – It is established that…
  • Es lasst sich nicht leugnen, dass… – It can not be denied that…
  • Der Autor/Der Regisseur/Die Hauptfigur betont wiederholt, dass… – Author/Director/The main character repeatedly emphasizes that…
  • Nicht nur…, sondern auch… – Not only, but also…
  • Dazu kommt noch, dass… – To this we will add also…
  • … unterstutzt diese Behauptung/dieses Beispiel -… supports this statement/this example.
  • Genauer gesagt,… – More precisely,…
  • insbesondere/im Besonderen – especially/in particular…
  • am bedeutsamsten/am wichtigsten – Most noteworthy…/Most important…

Phrases to draw a conclusion

  • Dies beweist, dass… – This proves that…
  • Zusammenfassend kann man sagen/feststellen, dass… – In summary, we can say/assert that…
  • Schließlich lasst sich feststellen, dass… – Finally, it can be noted…
  • Kurz gesagt… – In short,…
  • Dies fuhrt/Diese Beispiele fuhren zur logischen Schlussfolgerung, dass… – This leads/These examples lead us to the logical conclusion that…
  • Es scheint also, dass… – It seems that…
  • Die aufgefuhrten Argumente zeigen/beweisen, dass… – The above arguments show/prove that…
    deshalb/deswegen – Because/so
  • Zum Schluss mochte ich sagen, dass… – In conclusion, I want to say that…
  • Um zusammenzufassen… – To sum up,…

After writing the essay on German

  1. Reread the writing.
  2. Did you manage to logically and coherently state your thoughts?
  3. Is the central theme and idea of the composition open?
  4. Are there enough examples?

Check the grammar and spelling of words:

  1. Go through the nouns with the article: have you chosen the correct case? All nouns with a capital letter?
  2. The correct form of the verbs chosen? Do the endings match the person?
  3. Have you ever missed a word or a letter?

Is everything fine? You can give the essay to a friend before reading it for review. Well, do not forget to praise yourself for the work done!

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Olivia Stephens
Olivia Stephens
I wrote for periodicals last few years and I believe that now this experience continually helps me. Experience in the media gave me many other advantages. I know how to look for information not only on the Internet. I know how to use archives, how to get the right information from people, how to conduct real investigations. Thanks to the studying at the university, I efficiently collect unique material for my papers.

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